Thesis title 
Titolo tesi
Titolo tesi

Titolo tesi
Titolo tesi

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Abstract
The concept of 'micro-rayon' development has been used in a variety of forms and patterns in all cities, and it is firmly rooted in urban morphology.  It is survived the changes in Russia's political and socio-economic system after passing through a few generations.
The proposed research is caused by an urgent problem of the poor quality of the urban environment in the Russian cities, and by the absence of any domestic experience in urban redevelopment.
The aim of the present work is to analyze in detail the current urban context and, simultaneously, to examine the European experience accumulated in the last quarter of a century - the period of the modernist neighborhoods' transformations. This is the part of a disciplinary corpus of planning in contemporary Russia.
Based on the results obtained from the spatial analysis and on the comparison between the various reflections on the European experience, which has formed a framework of principles and methods aimed at the redevelopment of existing neighborhoods, the guideline has been built that includes a framework of space operations for the restitution of modernist neighborhoods to the Russian cities.
Synthesis of the thesis. Flick through the presentation. 
The reason why
The reason why

Starting from the presence in Russia of the ever extensive development state strategies and the poor quality of the urban environment, the research is also caused by the absence of any domestic experience in the redevelopment of the existing. The goal is to analyze in detail the spatial structure of "micro-rayon", and to build the framework of guidelines for its spatial recomposition, which is a topic that not yet explored in the Russian debate.

First phase:
First phase:

it is an examination of the general framework that starts from the identity characteristics and their impact on the spatial organization. Aspects of the impact of boundless spaces on the Russian mentality and the determining role of the State were explored. The second step examines housing policies and the transition from the block to the 'micro-rayon', which is part of a detailed study of Moscow's plans.

The dynamics of changes
The dynamics of changes

In conclusion it can be considered that the micro-rayon attributed first to the type of "park" environment in the "bi-functional" o "mono-functional" category, has moved and redeveloped towards the "urban" and "mix-functional" type. But despite of the positive results achieved, it is only a mechanical confirmation of the existence within the micro-rayon of the space and volumetric-compositional reserves for their redevelopment. The study confirmed the correctness of the established hypotheses.

The reason why
The reason why

Starting from the presence in Russia of the ever extensive development state strategies and the poor quality of the urban environment, the research is also caused by the absence of any domestic experience in the redevelopment of the existing. The goal is to analyze in detail the spatial structure of "micro-rayon", and to build the framework of guidelines for its spatial recomposition, which is a topic that not yet explored in the Russian debate.

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In conclusion

The study confirmed the correctness of the hypotheses established in the first part of the thesis. But at that point a new field of investigations arises, united by the theme "how to do in real conditions", which offers new questions for further theoretical and applicative research and experiments in the real Russian context.

This work is part of one integrated research, the other part of which is dedicated to the quality of the new Russian neighborhoods built in the last 10 years. The thesis is titled "The crisis of micro-rayon" and is carried out by the PhD student Alfiia Gibadulina in the department of Theories and Projects, La Sapienza University of Rome.

Today there is no research like this that studies all the basic structural components of micro-rayon. The data obtained can be used for the express analysis of the quality of new urban development projects. But it could also be useful for European specialists, who are involved in projects in Russia, which raises the veil on some specific historical characteristics of urban planning and the peculiarities of the spatial organization in Russia.

February, 2018. Rome.

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